An Introduction to Old Testament Christological Typology

The Christological Witness of the Old Testament Then, beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures. Luke 24:47 Shortly after His resurrection, Jesus met two of his disciples traveling on the road from Jerusalem to Emmaus.  He engaged them in a unique and…

Understanding Evil

Just as darkness is defined in regards to the absence of light, so Christian thought has often defined evil as the absence of good; or to use Augustine’s (354-430) words, the privation of good (privatio boni). Evil then is what ought not to be, for evil is at the least unpleasant (as in a rotten…

Understanding Suffering

Suffering is to endure pain or anguish, whether willingly, as in the case of martyrdom, or unwillingly, as in the case of cancer. Christians throughout history have responded to suffering differently than other religions and philosophies. Suffering Is Real Contrary to some Eastern religions and Christian Science, Christianity holds that suffering is real. Also, Christians…

What is the Meaning of the Word, “Word?”

The word translated as “Word” in John 1 is the Greek word logos, and is a reference to Christ  The Greek speaking world understood this word to refer to more than just “word.”  It included the concepts of expression, wisdom, reason, and order.  Jesus, whom John has in view when using the word in John…

Is Purgatory a Biblical Concept?

The concept of a Purgatory is mythical, not biblical. The concept suggests that people who are not bad enough to go to Hell and are not good enough to go to Heaven when they die are instead sent to a place called “Purgatory” to be “purged” (or purified) of their sins. They receive punishment for…

What is Limbo?

Limbo is a now defunct doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church. It was abandoned by the current Pope, Benedict 16th on April 20, 2007 (Catholic News Service). The false belief, which was held by Catholics since the middle ages, was the basic concept that just or innocent people who died prior to baptism (infants, for…

Where Exactly is Hell?

In ancient Israel, on the Day of Atonement, the High Priest made a sin offering of a bull and a goat. God instructed the priests that the carcasses of the bull and the goat were to be burned outside the camp of Israel. The reason for this was that spiritually speaking, the sins of the…